First Aid for First Time Parents: A Crash Course

First Aid Article

When it comes to having children, first aid is more than kissing away the pain. Although there are a lot of situations that aren’t horrific as your little ones make it out to be, there are many injuries that warrant immediate attention. But what do you do if you’re a new parent? Do you call an ambulance the first time your fearless daredevil jumps off the sofa and hurts themselves or do you assess for injuries at home?

External Bleeding

As soon as your baby starts to walk, you can expect to see a few cuts and scrapes. In the event of a cut or external bleeding, the first step is to apply direct pressure to the wound using a sterile pad and apply a bandage to keep it in place. The bandage should remain in place until the wound heals and you can replace the bandage every day or every other day until healed. Keep your child at total rest for 10 minutes to control the blood flow and, if possible, try to raise the injured area.

If the wound is severe or the child is shocked call 000.


Accidents happen when you least expect it. Whether it’s trying to sip your hot tea or touching a hot iron, you never had to worry about these kinds of mishaps before. But now that you have a curious explorer, you need to know what to do in case of a burn injury. If your child is exposed to extreme heat, first cool the injured area by immediately running cold water on the affected area for at least 20 minutes and afterwards cover with a sterile dressing or better yet a special burn dressing.

If the burn is larger than the palm of a hand it is important to call 000 and seek hospital treatment.


Every parent needs to learn basic CPR. The technique is different for small babies and children, so it’s important that you know the proper way to administer it. First, assess for danger, check the child’s response, if there is no response call 000 immediately and request an ambulance.

Whilst the emergency services are on their way, begin CPR by clearing the airway, check the mouth to remove solid or loose matter.  Turn the child into the recovery position on their side and check if the child is breathing normally. If they are not breathing properly, roll the child onto its back and begin CPR by locating the centre of the chest and placing your hand on the sternum and compress 30 times at a rate of 100-120 per minute followed by 2 small rescue breaths. Next, tilt the child’s head back, take in a breath and seal your mouth with the child’s whilst also closing their nose. Breath out gently until the child’s chest rises, remove your mouth and listen to see if air is escaping. When the child’s chest is empty, repeat these steps.

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